This technique originates from the USA, where it was used to produce bed covers and other warm clothings. During tufting, a voluminous and soft pile yarn is inserted on a base material with a sewing needle, requiring an enormous manual labor. Therefore this technique was developed industrially and became one of the most important processes in the rug production.
The hand-tufted technique can offer virtually endless possibilities in design, allowing all kind of textures (high and low pile, cut, loop and tip-shear and even 3D effects, as the carving is done entirely by hand).
With the hand-tufting technique, rugs are processed with a so-called yarn gun, single needle machine, which attaches yarn tufts to a prefabricated base material, the first backing that looks like a “canvas background” upon which the pattern of the carpet you want to reproduce is drawn.
After tufting, a reinforcing latex backing is added. This locks each yarn into canvas to create a stable surface. The carpet is then sheared or carved by hand if required and inspected before being packaged for shipping.